Subscripts are the small numbers, letters, or symbols you can insert below the text line. Superscripts are tiny numbers, letters, or symbols that you can insert above the line of text. These are specially used for mathematical reasons, formulas, and other uses. There are several ways to write a small number in Word lower or higher than normal text. This article shows you how to insert a subscript and superscript in Word.
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Use the icons in the ribbon in Word
The easiest way to insert a subscript or superscript in a Word document is by using the icons in the ribbon. Follow the steps below:
- Open your Word document and place your cursor where you want to add the subscript or superscript.
- Go to the Home tab.
- In the Font group, you can find the icons X2 (subscript) and X2 (superscript).
- Click on one of the icons, and you can see that its background becomes dark gray.
Now you can start writing a number, letter, or even enter a symbol in your document. It appears smaller and is added above or under the normal text, depending on what you have chosen.
When you finish writing the small letters, you can click on the icon again. It automatically changes the background to light gray again.
Remember that you can also select a text in Word and then click on the subscript or superscript icon. This will automatically change this selected text into small letters higher or lower than the normal text.
In the below example, we have first selected the text.
After selecting the text, you can click on one of the icons to change it into small letters. This is another way of how to do subscript and superscript in Word.
Insert subscript and superscript by using the keyboard shortcut
Another option to write a small number in your document is using the following shortcuts in Microsoft Word. Before you start using any shortcut, please make sure which shortcuts are assigned in your Word. Check this by putting your mouse cursor on the icon in the ribbon without clicking on it. Now, a small text with the shortcut and information will appear.
Keyboard shortcut for subscript:
- CTRL, =
- Press CTRL and the equal sign at the same time.
Keyboard shortcut for superscript:
- CTRL, Shift, +
- Press CTRL, Shift, and the plus sign at the same time.
If you press the shortcut again, you will get back to normal text. This is how to do subscript and superscript in Word.
How to use subscript in the Font dialog box
You can also use another way to write a subscript in your Word document. It only requires the following four steps:
- Click on the Home tab > Then go to the Font group.
- Click on the arrow in the right down corner to open the menu. Or use the shortcut CTRL + D on your keyboard.
- This will open the Font dialog box on your Word document. Here you should make a little check in front of the subscript.
- Then click OK.
Now you can type in the subscript in your Word document.
Remember that you can also select the text before you open the Font menu. This will change the selected text into a subscript as well after you click OK.
Add superscript by using the Font dialog box
If you want to add a superscript, you can also open the Font menu and write a small number in Word. Please follow the steps and look at the example picture below.
- Open your Word document and click on the Home tab.
- Then go to the Font group > Click on the arrow in the right down corner to open the menu. Or use the shortcut CTRL + D on your keyboard.
- It will open the Font dialog box in your Word document. There you should make a little check in front of the superscript.
- Then click OK.
Now you can start to write in superscript. You can also select the text that you want to see in superscript before opening the Font dialog box. Then follow the same four steps that are shown below.
You have learned to insert a subscript and superscript in a Word document in several ways. The easiest way is to use the icons in the Font ribbon under the Home tab. Another way is to use the shortcut keys to add a subscript or superscript in Word. You could also open the Font dialog box to use a subscript in Word.